Perhaps the divine or dill tree can be included in the list of the most rarely found perennials in the garden. Botanical name (Artemisia abrotanum) - therapeutic wormwood or abrotane. You can look at the photo of the God's tree on the photo - it is a semi-shrub up to 1.2 m high with silver, pinnately dissected leaves. Culture unpretentious, with proper planting and care winters in open ground. For decorative purposes, a small trim is required.
God's tree: origin and description
The wormwood is medical, high or citric, it grows in the wild in the south of Europe, in Asia Minor, in North America. It is found in southwest Russia and in the Altai Territory. Prefers wet places, forest edges. Often forms dense grounds along roads and abandoned housing.
The shoots of the plant are directed strictly upwards, they do not branch. Flowering in the mid-latitude conditions occurs in mid-summer (July, early August). Abrotan inflorescences are formed by small baskets, in the place of which in autumn fall seed boxes. Fruits fully mature only in the southern regions. Therefore, most often, dill is propagated vegetatively.
The first mention of the plant belongs to the V century AD. In his botanical writings, this species of wormwood was described by the ancient physician P. Dioscorides. Scientists believe that from that time began the active use of wormwood in medicine in medicine, medicine and for decoration. There are also records of the holy tree in the Ipatiev Chronicle, dating back to 1201.
Young shoots of abrotan have a bright dill aroma mixed with pine needles and citrus, older ones acquire a bitter wormwood notes.
Planting abrotane and care in the open field
For the successful growth of dill need a place with a good portion of sunlight. The southern plant does not tolerate drafts and needs protection from the wind; it is better to plant it along the building or fence. At such a site, the shrub quickly grows a green top and makes it easier to winter.
The soil is prepared nutritious, friable, well drained.
Attention! God's tree does not grow in sour soil.
They dig up the beds, bring rotten compost, manure. On 1 square. m will need 6 kg of organics. From mineral substances:
- 25 g of superphosphate,
- 15 g ammonium nitrate,
- 15 g of potassium chloride.
The wells are formed at a distance of at least 1 m from each other. After planting, young plants are watered, in the first days they monitor the condition of the soil, do not allow drying or over-wetting. For the season will require three additional feeding. The last one is made in late autumn, adding organic matter to the site.
For ten years, wormwood does not need a transplant. In addition to watering, the plant requires weeding, loosening the soil, pruning damaged branches.
Wormwood cuttings are carried out at the beginning or at the end of summer. Cuttings, rooted in June, are planted in open ground no later than August. This is necessary so that the plants can get used to the new conditions and get stronger. In the first winter, the dill tree seedlings are covered with foil or agrofabric. The following year, wormwood will spend the winter alone.
If the twigs were cut off at the end of summer, then it is better to leave them in the house for the winter. Well suited for this cool veranda or glazed loggia. It is quite possible that wormwood will drop leaves, it is not scary, in the spring new shoots will grow from the buds.
Dill in traditional medicine and cooking
Abrotan leaves and stalks contain:
- Essential oil.
- Abrotanine alkaloid.
Due to this composition, the plant is widely used for medicinal purposes. Doctors homeopaths prepare essences, relieving from some skin diseases, anemia. Proven antiseptic, hemostatic and analgesic actions.
Dry powder from the aboveground part of the tree of God is applied to boils, bruises, dislocations. When inflammation of the oral cavity and toothache - use tincture to rinse. On the basis of the rhizome - make powders against epileptic seizures, tuberculous meningitis.
Wormwood is used not only in medicine. It is also a natural air freshener. Cut the twigs dry and hang in the room. In addition, the green young growth of abrotan is an original spice for meat and fish dishes. Cooks used it to flavor sauces, broths, vinegar, added to pastries and liqueurs.
Council The branches of dill used in the brooms for a bath.
For medicinal purposes, harvesting is carried out before the beginning of flowering of wormwood. Cut off the soft twigs, which are dried in a dry and dark place. Store in tightly closed containers.
Abrotane in landscape design
God's tree is not only useful, but also an incredibly decorative culture. In the garden, lush bushes of medical wormwood are planted in flower beds. The fast-growing culture is used as a living site fencing and as a curb along paths, alleys. A tart smell will scare away insects — pests, and silvery foliage will “dilute” flower plantings.
Abrotane is combined with other perennials. Tall plants will protect heat-loving wormwood from the wind, as long as there is no excessive shading of the dill tree. Globular bushes of wormwood healing will look decent next to the blooming:
Nearby you can arrange several types of different flowering time. Thus, the composition will always attract attention.
Quite often, gardeners form a cypress-shaped divine tree, a cone-shaped crown and carved foliage further add to the plant resemblance to southern conifers.
Abrotane is also used for landscaping terraces, open verandas, balconies. Wormwood planted in wide pots or containers.
In the shops you can find the seeds of the tree of God. A month after their planting, you will have young seedlings ready for the conditions of open ground. Interestingly, the seeds are able to remain viable for about 70 years after harvest. Dill or God's tree is worthy of the attention of any gardener. Perhaps this particular plant is missing in your garden collection.
The divine tree, like many other plants, has two methods of reproduction - seed and vegetative.
Speaking about the method of propagation by seeds, it should be borne in mind that seed is not so easy to get. In our latitudes, the seeds of the tree of God are simply not ripe. In specialized stores you will be offered the seeds of wormwood from the southern regions.
First, seeds are sown in boxes - this is how cultivation of seedlings begins.
Grown up seedlings, having two pairs of true leaves (according to the general rules of care), are planted in open ground.
But they do this only when the earth warms up and warm weather sets in. In such conditions, a young plant will get stronger faster and grow.
Vegetative reproduction of the divine tree involves the division of the bush or the germination of cuttings. The cuttings of wormwood are cut in the summertime, during the period of the most rapid growth and development of the shrub.
Cut the twigs put in a pot with river sand, which before it is well moistened. The pot is placed under a transparent cap - a glass or plastic wide jar is suitable.
Regular spraying of the plant is highly recommended. Cuttings take root in about 25-30 days after which they are planted in a permanent place of growth.
For two years, from a small cutting, gently grooming it, you can get a lush and attractive bush.
Reproduction by cuttings in early spring is permissible. This method is considered more simple, but much less effective. In this case, the shoots are cut to the appearance of leaves and immediately immersed in a bowl with water.
Pretty soon you will notice the appearance of the roots, after which the twigs are planted in open ground.
Cuttings, cut in the spring, you can immediately put on the site, not germinating in the water, but this method is unlikely to be successful.
Tree wormwood is planted on the site, given its undoubted decorative value. But we should not forget about the beneficial properties of this wonderful shrub.
As mentioned, the leaves of wormwood contain a significant amount of essential oil - it is this that causes the peculiar smell of leaves of wormwood of any kind.
Consider some of the applications of this plant.
- Extracts of this plant are used in the preparation of perfume compositions.
- Wormwood is used to flavor drinks.
- In dried and fresh form, the leaves of the plant are used as a spice in the preparation of meat dishes, especially game dishes. It is also added when baking bread to add flavor.
- Brooms for a steam bath are made from twigs of wormwood that can help with rheumatism, obesity and diseases of the joints.
- The aroma of wormwood can significantly reduce headache. To do this, plant sprigs are advised to put a small linen sack under the pillow or fill it with dried leaves.
- To stimulate hair growth helps tincture of wormwood. It needs to be rubbed into the scalp.
- When bruises and sprains are advised to make compresses from the tincture of wormwood.
- Wormwood oil is used to treat skin diseases, colds, bronchitis.
- Wormwood is good for disinfecting premises. Her smell is afraid of the mole.
These and other uses of the plant only increase its popularity in our area.
Medical wormwood - God's tree
Being unfamiliar with this plant personally, I was attracted to him like a magnet - the name “God's tree” fascinated me.
“Why is the tree and why is God?” I thought, while by correspondence acquaintance from literature I knew that the people call one of the types of wormwood - medical wormwood (Artemisia abrotanum).
According to the botanical description, it is a perennial shrub up to 1.5 m in height, with three times pinnate leaves on straight semi-woody stems and a thick woody root.
She comes from Southern Europe, Asia Minor, Iran. Wormwood has long been cultivated in Russia.
We also know it under the names wormwood lemonade, abrotane, oak grass, chicken (Belarus), treeless, cudraw, holy tree.
Interestingly, in the literature of the nineteenth century (reference book "Complete Russian dictionary-herbalist", published in 1898, and the manual Schroeder RI "Russian garden, nursery and orchard", published in 1877) says: "Wormwood The treatment in Russia is only divorced in gardens. ”
And in the academic edition of the twentieth century "Flora of the USSR" (v. XXVI, p. 423) it is noted that it is found in nature in southern Russia, the Black Soil Region, the South of Western Siberia, and Central Asia. That is, over several centuries, it spread from gardens to nature and became a naturalized Russian woman.
In all editions it is noted that wormwood paniculture (Artemisia scoparia or Artemisia procera) is widespread in Russia, it looks like curative wormwood.
It is also cultivated in the gardens under the names of bodrennik, chiliga, wormwood, walkworm, and also ... God's tree. This causes some confusion. It is necessary to distinguish between the "real" God's tree - healing wormwood, from the "unreal" - paniculate.
The latter, in the first place, is malonely (most often biennial), and secondly, “in all parts there is a coarser and less pleasant smell”.
And, thirdly, it should be noted that wormwood paniculata propagates by seed, while at the curative they do not ripen in Russia. Therefore, if you are offered the seeds of God's tree, now you will know which one - the “unreal”.
In view of the latter circumstance, it is not easy to make God's present tree, since it reproduces only vegetatively - by dividing the rhizome, layering, cuttings.
A lot of work cost me to find this plant. Some of my gardening friends from different regions offered saplings, but I preferred to write out from the northern - Kirov - region, since
I was not aware of the cold resistance of this plant.
Sapling planted in a garden with fertile soil in a sunny place. Over the summer, he gave up to a dozen branches with a height of about 80 cm.
Fears about his winter-hardiness were in vain - the plant wintered well over two winters without any shelter. In the spring, every time on lignified stems all the buds come to life, except for the topmost ones.
As befits a dwarf shrub, nevzrevshie tops die off. From the buds and from the roots grow new green shoots.
Observing the plant and tasting it, I understood why it was called God's.
Indeed, it is a gift from God! The plant is remarkably beautiful - all summer and autumn to real frost is green with curly, like dill, greens.
The taste and aroma is very complex, but pleasant, in which there is a freshness of lemon and pine bitterness.
In the old days, the leaves were “used in medicine to improve the taste of various unpleasant medicines.”
And what then to talk about improving the taste of ordinary food! Young leaves are used in salads, in sauces for roasts and in seasonings for soups (entered 3 minutes before readiness), for flavoring tea, alcoholic beverages, vinegar, added to the dough when baking bread and pastry, to give spicy flavor to cakes, cottage cheese, mayonnaise. In addition, the leaves can be dried for future use. By the way, if someone does not like bitterness (albeit a pleasant one), then it completely disappears when dried.
Much can be said about the benefits of God's tree on human health.
It’s not for nothing that the scientific name of Artemisia wormwood comes from the Greek “artemis”, which means “health”.
The leaves contain essential oil (up to 1.5% in the fresh mass), flavone compounds, alkaloid abratin and other useful substances.
In folk medicine, leaves are used for anemia, scrofula, irregular menstruation, worms, “abdominal pains, aching bones,” bladder inflammation, rinse your mouth with toothache, powder in the form of bruises, boils and sprains, root - with epilepsy and tuberculosis meningitis
Only one or two plants is enough to provide the family with spicy and medicinal raw materials. All the neighbors in the country, seeing this plant from me, wanted to have it on their own plots. And I had to master the technique of reproduction.
God's tree is easily propagated by layering - it is enough to dig up the branches in May and from each form several independent plants.
It is also easily propagated by cuttings - in June it is necessary to cut cuttings about 10 cm long, clean the lower part of the leaves (leave only the top one) and stick it in the soil obliquely. By August the rooted seedling will be ready.
God's tree (Wormwood healing)
God's tree or healing wormwood - This pretty plant is found from time to time in the dacha plots, sometimes it is confused with tarragon, from which it differs not only in appearance, but also in its smell, which is a bit like lemon.
Wormwood is a tree of God, or, as it is sometimes called, therapeutic wormwood - It is a shrub, which in our conditions strongly freezes, and therefore looks almost like a grassy plant.
If the lower part of the stem is to be considered, it is clear that they are completely woody, like any other shrub. In southern areas, this species can grow as a regular shrub.
The leaves of this wormwood are bluish-green, reach 5 cm in length, the lower leaves are biconoaceous, above are simply pinnate, at the very top of the inflorescences are linear.
Flower baskets are small, ovate-spherical, about 3 mm in diameter, drooping. Inflorescence is a rare whisk. Fruits, as a rule, in our conditions do not form and multiply only vegetatively.In the southern regions gives small, flat, grooved achene.
God's tree has been introduced into culture so long ago that its place of origin is unknown. In the wild form grows in Southeast Europe, Asia Minor and North America.
As a medicinal plant, it was known in ancient Greece, where balsams were prepared from it for wounds. Used it as an insect repellent and for making wreaths.
This plant came to the Slavs from the monastery gardens with medicinal plants, and was considered a “church plant”, hence the name - the tree of God.
Interesting names of this wormwood in other languages.
For the greyish color and the long narrow, almost hair-like lobes of the leaves, the British called it Oldman wormwood — the old man’s wormwood; other names can be found, which are generally translated as grandfather and grandmother.
As for the British, this plant imported it is also called Southernwood - the southern tree. In Germany, where the divine tree was carried away in the IX-X centuries.
as a medicinal and spicy plant, they called it (in translation) boar branches or a spicy tree ... The French drew attention to the smell of lemon and called the tree of God - citronele, or used a Latin derivative - abrotane.
The grass of the gods tree contains up to 0.3% essential oil, which contains citral, smelling of lemon.
In addition, this type of wormwood contains flavonoids, tannins, a small amount of abrotanin alkaloid, due to which the tree of God is not recommended to be used in large doses.
But the bitterness, so characteristic of wormwood, is not enough in the tree of God, and after drying, they decompose almost completely, and the dry raw material becomes almost completely not bitter.
The use of God's tree (wormwood healing)
In folk medicine, wormwood of God is used to improve digestion, as an appetite stimulant.
For rinsing with sore throat and washing the skin with scrofula, an infusion of God's tree is also used, the same infusion is used in the form of compresses for bruises and dislocations.
The infusion is prepared from 2 teaspoons (2 g) per 150 ml of boiling water, boiled in a water bath for 10-15 minutes. Strain and take half a glass half an hour before meals.
But another property of this wormwood is especially famous, for which in England it is called Lad‘s love - the love of a young man. God's tree enhances hair growth. A 10% alcohol tincture is rubbed into the end of the scalp.
This remedy has a mild irritant effect, causes a slight burning sensation that stimulates blood circulation and improves hair growth.
In the Middle Ages they used the tree of God in order to quickly grow a beard, with the appearance of which the young man was considered a man. This plant has not lost its value in our days, but now it is used for hair loss.
You can also rinse the hair with a concentrated decoction of wormwood, then gently rub it into the skin and roll the head for 5-10 minutes with a towel.
In cooking, medical wormwood is used to flavor salads, vinegar, mayonnaise, as a seasoning for fatty meat and poultry.
Growing God's tree (wormwood healing)
In our climatic conditions, the tree of God, although it does not produce seeds, it grows quite normally as a perennial plant. In snowless windy winters can partially freeze, especially very young and very old bushes.
For the needs of a normal household, one or two bushes are enough, reaching a height of 1.5 m. Since this is a plant in southern Europe, it needs a sunny, warm, windproof place.
The most convenient place can be found on the south side of the house, a fence or at least tall bushes or trees. At one place, the tree of God can grow up to 7 years or more.
For planting, you need to prepare a place in about the same way as for any shrub - dig a hole, bring in a compost bucket, 2-3 matchboxes of a garden mixture of fertilizers, once again dig everything up.
The easiest way to propagate this plant is by dividing the bush. At the beginning of spring, a section of an old bush with an edge is carefully chopped off with a shovel. 3-4 branches with well developed roots are enough.
Then the bush is planted as usual, while trying not to bury it more than 2-3 cm compared to how it grew before division.
At first, the tree of God needs watering.
If there is no possibility to divide the bush, and you still want to have a plant, try to propagate it by cuttings.
To do this, choose lignified cuttings with 4-5 buds during the rest period of the plant (in March or early April), when the buds begin to swell. The earlier the cuttings are taken, the better they take root.
In March, the percentage of rooting to 80.6, and in April already 76 in the greenhouse and 54 in the soil without cover.
At home, they can be planted in pots with ordinary garden soil, pour 2-3 cm of sand on top of the soil.
2-3 cuttings are planted in pots to a depth of about 7 cm, covered with glass jars to preserve heat and moisture and put in a warm, bright place.
It is important to maintain normal soil moisture all the time.
With a lack of moisture, the cuttings are dying from dryness, and when water stagnates, they rot. With normal daily watering, the water should flow into the pan. All this water is drained. It is also possible to plant cuttings in the ground under cans at the beginning of April, but they will root much less.
Before rooting, the lower cut of the cutting can be treated with root formation stimulants, or at least honey (the roots appear for 20-21 days). The collection of raw materials begin from the second year when the plants bloom.
When pruning more than half of the branches, the bush must be fed with nitrogen fertilizers.
Decorative wormwood - a simple but spectacular garden decoration
Probably not in the world of man who would not hear about the wormwood. This grassy shrub grows in wastelands, on dry open glades, on roadsides.
Wormwood is a fairly viable plant, resistant to temperature extremes. Previously, it was considered a weed, so decorative use was out of the question.
Today, the views of gardeners about wormwood have changed, it is actively used in landscaping the garden.
Sagebrush. Description and types
Wormwood is a shrub that grows in a temperate climate, has a tart odor and healing properties. It is unpretentious, grows in any conditions. Its thick woody root sits very tightly in the ground.
Shrubs from different species of sagebrush grow in height from 20 to 150 cm. The stem of the plant is straight, the leaves are pinnate. Bush wormwood has a slightly whitish color, sometimes it seems that the plant is silvered in the light.
Wormwood blossoms with small yellow flowers that are collected in inflorescences.
This curious plant belongs to the Astrov family and has more than 400 species.
Basically wormwood bushes grow for many years, but sometimes you can find plants that live only 1-2 years.
All kinds of wormwood are mainly divided into ornamental, used in gardening, fodder and medicinal herbs, and weeds. There are types that are used in the perfume industry.
Wormwood is widely known for its medicinal properties. On its basis, the well-known absinthe is made.
There is tarragon wormwood, which is used in cooking as a seasoning for meat, spices for pickles and preservation.
Wormwood medicinal smells like lemon and perfectly protects clothes from moths.
On the garden plots grow decorative wormwood, which can be undersized and tall varieties.
From undersized varieties Schmidt and Steller's wormwood, about 20-25 cm high, are popular.
From tall gardeners prefer milky wormwood, which grows up to 150 cm, has characteristic gray-green leaves and blooms with white strongly smelling flowers.
Care and reproduction of decorative wormwood
Decorative wormwood is so remarkable that it does not require special care.
It can be grown absolutely calmly both in the open, scorching sun, and in those areas where the earth is frozen.
Prefers light soil that passes water well, preferably neutral. Wormwood will not take root in the heavy, overmoistened land; its roots will rot.
The shrub is drought-resistant, therefore does not require frequent watering. If the summer is too dry, you can moisten the soil. That the bush well developed, it is possible to fertilize the earth with compost in the spring.
Gardeners recommend trimming peduncles for ornamental species. There is an opinion that such pruning will preserve the decorative qualities.
Wormwood is not subject to diseases and pests. But in the case of wet and warm weather, the leaves of the bush may become covered with dark spots. It is powdery mildew. In this case, it is treated with a fungicide.
The plant perfectly tolerates winter frost, so there is no need to arrange shelters.
Wormwood propagates by seeds, dividing a bush, segments of rhizome and cuttings. The division of the bushes is carried out in the autumn. Separated parts are immediately planted in a new place. If you decide to propagate the wormwood by cutting, it is better to do it at the end of May.
The most suitable for cuttings are shoots 7-10 cm long.
They are planted in boxes with loose sandy soil, and a year later - in open ground. When propagated by seeds, they are sown in greenhouses in the month of April. When the sprouts reach a height of 7-9 cm, they dive into pots of 1-3 pieces.
The use of decorative wormwood
Due to its various colors, from green to gray, from silver-blue to almost white, decorative wormwood is often used as a decoration of the garden plot. It is added to dry bouquets, it is combined with many plants.
For decoration of borders, the creation of alpine slides use low-growing types of decorative wormwood. But for the creation of flower beds are more suitable tall species. If you plant wormwood between currant bushes, it will protect the currant leaves from rust.
Gardeners love to use the decorative properties of wormwood because of its silvery carved leaves, which in combination with different colors make the composition light and extremely beautiful. Throughout the summer, wormwood shrubs adorn the garden. Of these, you can make compositions of different heights, since wormwood is absolutely loyal to cutting branches.
Wormwood feels great next door to roses of various shades. The plant looks beautiful in combination with Thunberg barberry, small-flowered geyher, and also next to decorative cereals.
This simple unpretentious plant will become the real decoration of your garden. Over the years, the wormwood shrub can grow in one place. Because of its long roots, it can move around the garden, so it is best to use it in compositions without clear boundaries.
Wormwood God's tree - healing wormwood
The ancient Slavs, this plant was magical. It was used to cleanse both the physical and the spiritual world. It was believed that the wormwood of God’s tree, or its branches, cut off unkind glances from the home, depriving them of their power. As well as the person himself cleans from disease.
The specific name of this wormwood comes from the Greek "Arbotan", which translates as "divine, immortal." As a fragrant and medicinal herb wormwood, it was cultivated in ancient times.
Pliny and Diaskarid wrote about its medicinal properties. The herb contains an essential oil of complex composition, one of which is Arbotan with the smell of lemon.
Unlike other types of wormwood, there is little bitterness in God's tree, and after drying, they decompose almost completely, which allows it to be used in cooking.
Wormwood God's tree is a perennial shrub with decorative dark green foliage. The leaves are strongly dissected, similar to the leaves of dill, so the wormwood is often called "dill".
Numerous shoots form a lush bush. The bush does not spread to the sides, as it does not spread by underground roots. We bloom in the South at the end of July - August, in the Black Earth - a month later. Seed does not form.
Propagated by dividing the bush and cuttings. It grows well in a sunny place on non-acidic nutrient soil. Care is weeding, watering - with prolonged drought. Winters without shelter.
At one place grows more than ten years.
God's wormwood propagates by dividing the bush and grafting. In the early spring a shovel separates a part of the bush from the edge.
It is enough 3 - 4 branches with well-developed roots, which are planted in a new place, deepening to the level at which the branches grew in the old place. Well watered.
Before engraftment, do some more watering.
Green cuttings are cut in a period of intensive growth above the lignification zone. The cuttings are planted in pots with wet river sand, covered with glass jars and put in the shade.
Every day, banks raise and spray cuttings with water. Substrate in a pot watered moderately. It should be wet, but not wet.
Fully rooted cuttings in 4 - 5 weeks, after which they are planted in a permanent place. At first the seedlings pritenyayut.
Wormwood God's tree is often confused with wormwood. Wormwood paniculata biennial, as opposed to perennial wormwood drug.
Above the Black Sea zone of God's wormwood tree seeds do not ripen.
So if you are offered the seeds of God's wormwood tree, then these are most likely the seeds of the widespread wormwood paniculata.
In folk medicine wormwood God's tree is used very widely. No wonder that this plant came to us from the monastic medical gardens. Therefore, the second name she has - wormwood.
The use of wormwood therapeutic.
For toothache, 1 tablespoon of chopped herb wormwood pour a glass of boiling water, insist 2 hours, strain, rinse your teeth repeatedly until the pain disappears.
To increase the appetite, improve the work of the gastrointestinal tract.: Pour 1 teaspoon of dry or fresh herbs. Pour one cup of boiling water over it, leave for 15 minutes. Drink 1/3 cup 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals. With the same solution, they rinse the throat with sore throat and do the washing with scrofula.
To get rid of worms: 1 tablespoon of dry chopped herbs pour 150 ml. boiling water, wrap well and leave to cool. strain and drink a glass between meals.
On the basis of wormwood oil a pharmaceutical preparation Artemizol was made for the treatment of kidney stones. It dissolves salt in the urine, removes sand and urinary stones from the body.
Wormwood is particularly famous for the tree of God for enhancing hair growth. In the Middle Ages, young men used it to quickly grow a beard. With the advent of the beard, the young men became men.
Nowadays, this plant is used for hair loss. To do this, 2 tablespoons of dry grass is poured with a glass of boiling water, wrapped for an hour.
Then they wet the hair well with filtered infusion, rub it into the scalp and roll it over the head for 15 - 20 minutes with a towel.
With neurasthenia apply tincture of wormwood on cognac: 1 tablespoon of roots of wormwood pour half a liter of brandy, put in a water bath and hold for 10 minutes. then pour into a glass container and keep for two days in a warm place. Strain. Take 3 - 5 drops twice a day.
Use in cooking.
Due to the strong pleasant smell, dried leaves are used as a spice. They taste bitter, so they are used in small quantities for fatty meats.
They are also used to add flavor to vinegar, marinades, sauces, tinctures.
For these purposes, young twigs are collected together with buds and dried in the shade, then crushed and stored in a tightly closed container.
God's tree: growing, caring for and planting an ornamental plant
There are cultures that are little known to gardeners, and in some cases, many of them do not realize at all.
Some cultures may even grow close to the site, attracting the attention of an unusual species, but also remaining little known.
It is just such an unusual plant that can be called wormwood - the tree of God.
Some have heard the name of the plant wormwood, culture refers to perennials. Wormwood is common in temperate climatic zones, but dry areas of the planet are considered the most comfortable place for its active growth.
God's tree is distinguished by its attractive leaflets, as well as by its pleasant smell, which can scare away some harmful insects.
Culture has long been mentioned in medical recipes, used to decorate urban parks, summer cottages and flower beds.
There are some evergreen varieties, as well as those that lose lush foliage in the autumn.
Plant reaches a height of 1.2 meters. There are other names: abrotane, decorative wormwood and dill. Tree wormwood has been actively growing in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia for many decades.
The first time this plant is mentioned at the beginning of the XII century in the Ipatiev Chronicle. Because of the special healing properties of the culture is widely used in the medical field. Gardeners love this plant for its unusual and attractive forms.
Wormwood can quickly adapt to areas with increased dryness, grow on high hills or sandy soils, spreads quickly along the banks of streams and rivers. In science, there are about 250 varieties of such a culture. They are used by landscape designers to create unusual compositions.
Features of dill:
- leaves of the tree have a pinnately-dissected form, light gray in color, the stems and rhizomes are woody,
- shoots are upright, on the middle and lower levels you can see small scapes,
- the inflorescences of the plant are more like baskets, which are formed by loose-shaped paniculate flowers,
- the tree begins flowering in early summer and continues until autumn,
- From the plant comes a pleasant aroma, similar to the smell of lemon, which scares many parasites. Such plant quality is highly valued by gardeners.
Popular species and varieties
Culture is distinguished by its diversity, many of its varieties show special resistance to low temperatures. God's tree, which belongs to the healing species, is known in almost all European countries. The main types of plants:
- Some actively grow a tree in their plots in order to use it as a medicine afterwards. There are tree varieties that best adapt to the Mediterranean climate. Elegant culture looks good on the borders and attracts a lot of attention.
- In the mountains in the south of European countries you can find Caucasian wormwood, which can grow up to thirty centimeters.
- Culture, also called Estragon, gave the name to one carbonated drink for its characteristic smell. Such a plant is distinguished by its height and can reach up to one meter.
- In the territory of southeastern countries, a low-growing variety called Cold wormwood has become more common.
- In China, there is a milky variety, which can reach a height of 1.5 meters and has small, light-colored buds.
- In Latin American countries, wormwood is grown under the name of Louis.
Useful properties and harm to the herb lofant for the body
Use of dill
Even in ancient times, such a plant grew in the territories of temples, it was mainly grown by monks. To properly store the sheets of wormwood, they need to be finely chopped and placed in an airtight container. With this method, culture will not lose its pleasant flavor.
The following medicinal formulations can be prepared from the plant:
- the essence of the plant is added to the balms and various ointments,
- essential oil has a disinfecting effect
- Juice and leaves of dill are used to make infusions against sore throat, as well as for tea, which helps improve appetite,
- The medicinal plant brewed in hot water has a positive effect on a person in the presence of sprains and bruises, improves the appearance of the hair,
- tincture of the plant helps to eliminate toothache, as well as colic in the intestines. Broth is also used to eliminate suppurations. It helps to increase blood clotting and overcome a dangerous infection in the human body,
- wormwood is usually added to various sauces and marinades to give a more pleasant smell. Dill powder is widely used for seasoning meat.
Excessive consumption results in intoxication of the body.
To create a medicinal decoction of the plant, one part of the dried grass is poured boiling water and put on the fire for boiling. The broth is left for thirty minutes, and then filtered through cheesecloth. The finished product can be drunk 50 grams before lunch.
Features of growing
Planting wormwood and tree care is not particularly difficult if the plant is not grown for decorative qualities. This herb grows well in almost any soil mixture, excluding sand.
Wormwood reacts positively to cold and winter with a small amount of snow. But some of the conditions for choosing the right place for the growth of a culture are important to take into account.
This will help the plant grow better and bloom more beautifully.
Buzulnik: description and varieties, use in garden design
Light index and protection
God's tree prefers to places with a high level of illumination by the sun, therefore for growing a plant it is best to choose the south side at the dacha. This can be explained by the fact that dill herb belongs to the group of southern cultures. In addition, the plant reacts negatively to strong cold winds.
Best of all, the plant will feel in a row between trees or other shrubs. It is important to consider the fact that trees can block the sun's rays.
Choosing a soil mixture
Wormwood requires a well-moistened soil. Before planting on open soil it is important to fertilize it with mineral as well as organic substances.
At one place, the culture can continue to grow for about twelve years, after which it needs a transplant to a new site. It grows well among perennial grasses and annuals.
Negative attitude to the soil with a high level of acidity.
Planting in soil
It is best to propagate the dill tree by cutting or dividing the shrub. Cuttings for planting is better to use biennial, fully matured.
Planting occurs in a moist soil mixture (before planting, the soil should be watered with warm water). It is advisable to land in the middle or end of April.
At this time, the soil is well moistened, so the seedling will be able to quickly and efficiently take root, even if it is not watered.
Culture saplings can be placed in a container with water for one week, and then planted in the ground. In the water, the cuttings form the first young rhizomes. After they begin to actively grow on the ground.
Seeds of a Christ tree can germinate even after 70 years have passed since they were harvested. The total length of the cuttings that will be planted in the soil should range from 10 to 15 centimeters.
Between plantings it is important to leave a distance of one and a half meters so that the shrubs can grow quickly and efficiently.
When planting in the soil, seedlings are allowed to fertilize with humus and to be constantly watered during the first two weeks of cultivation.
In some flower shops you can find seeds of wormwood ready for planting. They are needed for growing seedlings.
Since this plant grows in warm regions, it is best to plant it in separate containers and place it on a window sill, on which sunlight will always fall.
After the seedling grows to 15−20 centimeters, it is allowed to repot it to the suburban area.
Many flower growers say that abrotane grows quickly and does not require special care. Some even forget about this culture, but it continues to grow and does not die. But to create an attractive graceful shrub to care for the plant is important.
Typha plant: description, varieties and uses
Watering the widow tree
Dill, which is grown for decorative purposes, does not need to be watered. Watering is carried out only in the first days after landing in the ground.
To preserve all the decorative qualities of a plant, it can be watered on warm summer days once every fourteen days.
Under each bush will need about four liters of water at room temperature.
Fertilizer with beneficial substances
Tree wormwood after landing in the ground still requires care. Such procedures will not take too much time. In some cases, aphid occurs on the foliage of the plant.
In this case, the plant must be sprayed with special preparations against insects. Also for spraying, you can use soap, diluted in a bucket of water. For this, 250 grams of soap is taken for 10 liters of water.
Spraying is carried out several times with an interval of a week.
Near the bush weeds can grow, which is important to regularly eliminate.
The soil is weeded to provide the roots of the plant with the delivery of more nutrients and minerals. Also under the shrub you can pour a few handfuls of halls.
Before the winter season, abrotane should be mulched. With special desire, the soil next to the shrub is covered with humus.
God's tree and pruning
Caring for such a culture also includes regular pruning. It is best to choose spring for such a procedure, when all the cold has already gone and the weather has returned to normal.
Shoots annual bushes need to be cut to four centimeters. It is best to pinch the tops of the wormwood to ensure the best growth for the shrub. On a formed shrub, it is necessary to cut last year's increments as often as possible, in order to rejuvenate the culture, you can trim the shoots.
This breeding method is best used in spring, in April. For this, the shrub is dug out.
After unnecessary soil is carefully shaken out of the roots, the culture is divided into several parts (depending on how much is needed).
Each part should be quite large, as plants with a small root system often do not survive and simply die.
After division, each culture is planted in separate pits. Before planting in the soil it is best to pour water over the soil and feed. The next two weeks separated bushes regularly watered. Watering can be completed only after strengthening the root system of seedlings.
Description of tree wormwood
The temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere are considered the homeland of arboreal wormwood (Artemisia abrotanum). God's tree easily takes root in places with arid climate, on sandy soil or high hills, it is well developed on the banks of reservoirs and rivers. Science knows about 250 species of this plant. They are used to create decorative compositions for the garden and suburban area.
Fresh articles about the garden
The leaves of abrotan have a pinnately-dissected formation and a light gray shade, while its stems and root are woody.
Shoots - upright, on the middle and lower tier of the plant are observed scapes.
Buds resemble small baskets, which are connected in paniculate inflorescences loose structure.
Tree wormwood begins to smell sweet in the early to mid-summer.
The shrub spreads a strong lemon scent that repels insects. This property is highly valued by gardeners.
How often to water the wormwood tree
Decorative wormwood is a drought-resistant plant, so it does not need frequent watering. Enough to water the plant in the first days after planting. To maintain decorative beauty can be watered on hot summer days once every two weeks. Under each bush is recommended to pour 3-4 liters of water at room temperature.
Pruning and forming wormwood
God's tree, the cultivation of which can be done even by a beginning gardener, can be a wonderful decoration of a garden. The bush is very stable and does not require special pruning. But if you want your site to have a beautiful plant of a compact form, then you need to constantly form a crown. To do this, the shoots are cut, not allowing them to grow more than 60 centimeters in height. Thus it turns out the original, spherical bush. After the first pruning, shoots begin to grow evenly and only need to adjust their height occasionally. Beautiful gray leaves perfectly stand out against the background of green plants of the garden or any land.
Planting and caring for God's sapwood - an occupation for the lazy!
Wormwood God's tree photo in the garden
The plant of God's tree is a perennial that can grow in one place for up to ten years. Therefore, when planting, it is important to find a suitable place for it in the garden so that later you do not have to repot the plant. This place will be a sunny, not shaded area.
Next to the wormwood, it is better to plant low plants. They will cover the lower less decorative part of the divine tree and will not damage the fragile upper shoots. Although wormwood grows in nature on poor soils, a bush planted in fertile, non-acidic soil will thank you for the bush's luxuriance and abundant leaves.
Wormwood lemon tree of God unpretentious. It does not need careful care. But there are a few rules that you can grow a healthy and beautiful plant.
- It is necessary to periodically loosen the soil around the bush, while avoiding the exposure of the roots. Stalk plants spud. This allows you to retain moisture in the soil.
- Wormwood does not like over-dried, or too wet soil. Watering should be regular and moderate.
- God's tree, like other types of wormwood, tolerates a frosty winter. It does not require additional shelter and does not freeze out even at a temperature of - 25 ° C.
Only some young shoots may freeze, but in general, with the arrival of spring, the tree is perfectly restored. If you wish, you can dig up a bush for the winter to create more comfortable conditions for wintering, and in spring to plant it back into the ground. But this should be done only in the case when you have a beautiful tree formed and you are afraid that it will freeze and lose its shape.
Wormwood God Tree Pruning
Artemisia divine tree, thanks to its elegant, carved foliage, rather decorative. But if you wish, you can form a compact bush of beautiful shape from it. It is the power of anyone, even a novice gardener. The whole secret of regular cutting and trimming plants.
- Growing shoots are cut when they reach a height of about sixty centimeters. The result will be a beautiful bush in the shape of a ball.
Wormwood abrotane God's tree photo in the garden
- Already the first haircut contributes to the fact that in the future young shoots of wormwood grow evenly and frequent pruning is not required.
- A beautiful gray-green plant ball will stand out from neighboring plants or it will be an excellent background.
- The trimmed tree of God can be used in a flower bed as a plant - a tapeworm.
Propagation of the tree of God
Perennial reproduction traditional: seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush.
Wormwood God's tree growing seed from a seedling photo ready for planting
Seeds sown in the ground, ripen well only in the southern regions. Therefore, wormwood seedlings are grown in special containers and transferred to a permanent place in the spring. This method is used by experts. For ordinary gardeners, the vegetative mode is more familiar.
Cutting wormwood abrotane God's tree photo
- Cuttings are cut from a plant in the summer from a healthy plant. They are immersed in a rooting stimulator powder, planted in a wet, loose soil and covered with glass jars or a transparent lid of the seedling container.
- Plants take root within a month. Then they are planted in the ground.
- It takes two years for the ornamental plant to reach a young plant.
The division of the bush suggests spring planting of a part of the rhizome with a young shoot, but even in this case the bush will look beautiful only after a few seasons.
Description of God's wormwood tree Artemisia abrotanum
Wormwood decorative God's tree Artemisia abrotanum in landscape design photo
It is a perennial herb or shrub. His homeland is considered to be the zone of the Northern Hemisphere with a temperate climate. That is, such zones in which all four seasons are observed. In nature, wormwood can often be found in areas with arid climate, on poor, sandy soils, in highly located areas, with well-warmed soil. Gardeners appreciate wormwood for its decorative and pleasant aroma, which also scares insects.
In nature, there are up to 250 species of wormwood. Many species of wormwood are evergreen, but there are also those whose aboveground parts die off for the winter. The plant fits perfectly into various garden compositions. Used to create a gravel, monastic and white garden. Some varieties of wormwood, among them the tree of God, are widely used in medicine.
Varieties of wormwood
Wormwood tree of God tree photo in the garden
Various representatives of wormwood can be seen in almost every corner of the planet with a temperate climate.
Let us consider in more detail some of them:
- wormwood. Frost-resistant tree variety, widely distributed in nature. Grows on the Mediterranean coast,
- Caucasian wormwood. Plant with a height of up to thirty cm. In nature, it grows in mountainous areas in southern Europe,
- tarragon. A plant with an attractive smell. Can grow to one meter,
- cold wormwood. And this variety is not high. It can be seen in the wild nature of eastern Russia,
- wormwood milky-colored. Growing in China. High plant, up to one and a half meters. A distinctive feature are small white inflorescences,
- wormwood rock. Place of growth - Europe. Prefers to climb on rocks and scree. Height is 5-20 cm. Color of leaves - grayish,
- wormwood is brilliant. It grows in the Alps. Forms thickets in the form of pillows. The plant has beautiful leaves with a silvery coating and a pleasant aroma.
Wormwood tree of God tree
Wormwood healing God's tree Artemisia abrotanum photo
God's tree is also one of the varieties of wormwood. The area of its growth is almost the entire territory of Europe. Scientists do not have accurate information about where exactly the plant came to Europe.
A distinctive feature of this species is its height. The bush can be up to one and a half meters high. Hence the name "tree". But in fact, wormwood is a stiffened shrub. Its stems are rather fragile. The leaves are heavily cut and painted in gray-green color.
Gardeners call the tree of God the greenest among the gray wormwoods and appreciate its decorative effect and pleasant aroma. In August, perennial blooms. Flowers are collected in small yellow blossoms. God's tree can be both evergreen and shed its leaves for the winter. The plant winters without additional shelter.
Healing properties of wormwood tree of God
Wormwood God's tree healing properties and contraindications
Legends about the healing properties of the tree of God are passed down from generation to generation.
It was grown in the gardens at the monasteries. Perhaps this is connected with the name of the wormwood - God's tree or church grass. Another version that the word "wormwood" in Greek means "healthy." This again indicates the healing properties of the plant. The juice of the plant was part of the balms and ointments, which were used for the treatment of wounds and as a remedy for insect bites. The healing properties of wormwood are due to the fact that it contains essential oils, including citral. Citral has a pleasant lemon scent and has antiseptic properties.
In addition, the juice and leaves of the tree of God are used to make infusions, balms, and teas. Infusion is treated for sore throat, and tea helps improve appetite. Sometimes the plant is used in its natural form. For example: from grass, steamed in boiling water, make lotions that treat sprains and bruises. And the hair, rinsed with a decoction of stems and leaves, grow better and have a healthy look.
If a tree of God grows on your land, you can dry it and get medicinal raw materials. For drying use green, not stiff shoots or shoots with unopened buds. Preparation of raw materials can be made from July to September. Cut off shoots in dry windless weather and dried in the shade. The bitterness of the plant, characteristic of all species of wormwood, is absent in a dry plant. The dried plant has a pleasant lemon smell.
Before storing the plant stems can be crushed. So it will be more convenient to use it in the future. For storage of the obtained raw materials use hermetic containers. This will allow to preserve the aroma of the plant for a long time. But if you are not sure that the plant is perfectly dried, it is better to put it in a paper bag for a while and dry it. Perhaps the flavor will become weaker, but the raw material will not deteriorate.
Dried wormwood is used in cooking, traditional medicine and cosmetology.
- to give the marinades and sauces a pleasant lemon flavor,
- Wormwood powder is used as a condiment to meat dishes.
2. In folk medicine:
- tincture of wormwood rinse your mouth with toothache,
- wormwood juice is used in the treatment of wounds and suppurations,
- infusion of wormwood treats intestinal pain,
- decoction of the leaves of wormwood can be used as a hemostatic and antihelminthic.
When using any medicinal product must comply with the dosage. Wormwood is not poisonous, but no more than 10 grams of dry leaves in any form can be consumed daily.
3. In cosmetology:
- decoction for rinsing hair
- ice cubes from the decoction of wormwood wipe the skin of the face.
Recipes for healing concoctions
And now the recipe of healing wormwood decoction. Probably, monks in ancient times treated the sick with such decoction. For its preparation for one part of dry raw materials take the same amount of boiling water. Mix and let the mixture boil for a minute.
Then the broth insist half an hour and filter through a sieve or cheesecloth. Drink three times a day, one-fourth cup before meals.
When making an infusion, take two tablespoons of dried, chopped herbs and pour a glass of boiling water over it. Do not boil, and insist about an hour. Drink once a day half a cup before dinner.
As with any means of traditional medicine, these drugs may have contraindications. Before starting treatment, you should consult with your doctor.
God's tree: plant description
God's tree is an evergreen (in southern countries) perennial shrub up to 1.2 meters high. The leaves of the wormwood decorative pinnate-dissected. Stems are semi-woody, and the root is woody. The homeland of this plant is considered to be the Eastern Mediterranean (Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, etc.) and Asia Minor (Turkey).
Some gardeners confuse medical wormwood (God's tree) and wormwood wormwood. Paniculate wormwood in the common people is also called the tree of God, but there are some differences in these plants:
- Panicle wormwood is a two-year-old plant, and medicinal wormwood is a perennial,
- Therapeutic wormwood has a more pleasant smell,
- Panicle wormwood propagates by seeds, and the seeds of medicinal wormwood in our area do not fully ripen.
Lighting and wind protection
Bezdrev loves a lot of sunlight, so the south side of your site will be the best place to land. This is not surprising, because bezdrev is a southern plant. In addition, it does not tolerate cold northerly winds.
Planting technology seedlings
The best way to reproduce dill is by dividing a bush or grafting. Cuttings for planting choose a two-year, fully matured. Planted plants should be immediately in a moist soil (before planting the hole should be watered with warm water). The best time for landing will be mid-end of April. At this time, the soil is wet, so the seedling is better to take root, even if it is not watered.
Abrotan seedlings can be put in water for 7-10 days, and then planted in the soil. In the water, the cuttings form a young root system. After that, they grow faster in the soil.
Many amateur gardeners say that abrotane grows without special care. Some even forget about the plant, but it does not die and grows without special requirements. However, for the formation of a beautiful ornamental bush care for the plant is still necessary.
Caring for the soil and plant nutrition
Wormwood after planting requires special care. Caring for an abrotane does not take much of your time. Sometimes aphids may appear on the leaves of a plant. In this case, the bush needs to be sprayed. For spraying dill, you can use a solution of household soap. For 10 liters of water take 250-300 g of soap. Spray need 2-3 times with an interval of 5-7 days.
Shrubs from sagebrush are recommended to be fed with complex fertilizers. Also under the bush you can pour a few handfuls of ash. Before the beginning of winter, abrotane must be mulched. If desired, sprinkle soil near the bush with humus.
Dill tree pruning rules
For the formation of a beautiful ornamental shrub lemon wormwood should be regularly cut. The best time for pruning will be early spring, when severe frosts have passed.
The shoots of an annual plant should be cut at a height of 3-5 cm. It is recommended to pinch the tops of wormwood to stimulate the growth of the bush. Formed bushes need to regularly prune last year's increments, and in order to rejuvenate the plant - strongly prune all the shoots.
Reproduction by layering
The best time for breeding in this way is mid-late May. For breeding, a shoot of 20-30 cm in length is selected, from which all leaves are removed.
On such a shoot, an annular incision is made. The site of injury is treated with growth stimulants for better root formation. They also apply sphagnum moss on it and press it tightly with their hands. The place under the incision is reinforced with black film, which contains peat, and both its ends (below and above the incision) are fixed with insulating tape. After the roots have broken through the peat, a rooted shoot is cut below the ribbon and planted in a pot.
Growing through seedlings
In some stores in our country you can find the seeds of abrotane. They are planted in peat cups and grow in a warm place, best in the house, until their root system is strengthened. The seedling period takes about 25-30 days. After that, the plant can be planted in the soil with cups.
By the way, lemon wormwood has healing properties. It helps with headaches and dermatitis. Our ancestors used branches of wormwood to scare away evil spirits. In our time, this shrub, among other things, is an excellent decoration for gardens and terraces.